What is a fish allergy?Whilst the majority of people can eat fish without any adverse health effects, sufferers of fish allergy physically reject the food. This is caused by the body’s reaction to a protein present in the fish, which for allergy sufferers is identified as an intruder, in turn triggering an immediate immune response. Depending on the severity of the allergy, fish may not necessarily have to be consumed for symptoms to occur. For some merely touching fish may cause an adverse reaction. For a small proportion of allergy sufferers, steam caused by cooking fish can cause a flare up, as can products containing fish, like Worcestershire sauce, surimi, and even certain beers! It’s important to note that a fish allergy and shellfish allergy are two completely different conditions; it’s possible to be allergic to finned fish, but not to prawns, oysters or crustaceans.
What are the symptoms of fish allergy?Like most allergies, fish allergy symptoms differ in severity from person to person. It’s common for a combination of symptoms to occur, but some people may only exhibit any one of the known symptoms, which include:
- Skin rash
- Runny nose & sneezing
- Stomach cramps
- Anaphylaxis – can cause impaired breathing, and be life threatening.
What is a fish intolerance?An intolerance isn’t always necessarily something a person will have for life. It’s common for a person to be able to eat fish with no problem for years, but to suddenly find that the food makes them feel unwell. However, unlike allergy, a fish intolerance occurs only when the fish is eaten, not just handled and an immune response occurs although a person may find eating one variety of fish has no adverse health effects, whereas eating another causes discomfort and illness; salmon may be fine, whereas tuna may not. Whilst fish allergy symptoms are generally exhibited shortly after eating the trigger food, symptoms of fish intolerance can take between a few hours to a few days to take place; something that can lead sufferers trying to self-diagnose into blaming the wrong food.
What are the symptoms of fish intolerance?Symptoms of intolerance are generally less severe than those of allergy. However, this isn’t to say they don’t have the ability to cause great discomfort. Common fish intolerance symptoms include:
- Stomach upset & cramps
- Skin rash
What should I do if I think I have a fish intolerance or allergy?As with all potential allergies, consulting a doctor or registered healthcare specialist should be your first port of call. This could help you to find out if your symptoms are due to an underlying health condition, and could help you to diagnose whether potential future flare ups have the likelihood to be life threatening. If you think an intolerance might be the cause, it’s important not to cut out any food without proper advice. Whilst intolerance can be extremely difficult to live with, removing a nutrient rich food like fish without proper guidance or suggestions for replacement foods could have equally detrimental effects on your health. A test and nutritional consultation from YorkTest could help you make the right decisions to optimise your diet, so if you do need to cut out fish, you can do so in a healthy way. It may even turn out that your intolerance only involves one type of fish, meaning you can avoid this whilst still getting the benefits of other varieties. Plus, as fish intolerance isn’t always lifelong, it might be only a matter of time until you’re enjoying fish Fridays again. Concerned about intolerances? Why not try the YorkTest FirstStep test – the first step on your journey towards optimising your diet.
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